:: Volume 20 - ::
Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2020, 20 - : 159-171 Back to browse issues page
Comparative comparison of Nursing PhD curriculum in Iran and Toronto, Canada
Saeid Hashemi , Zohreh Vafadar
Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences , zohrehvafadfadar@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1057 Views)
Introduction: The rapid expansion of nursing education in recent decades has raised concerns about the quality of education, competency of graduates and nursing professional growth. Comparative studies are one of the strategies to improve the quality and validation of educational systems. This study endevored to compare the PhD curriculum in nursing in Iran and the School of Nursing, University of Toronto, Canada.
Methods: This descriptive-comparative study was done in the academic year 2019 through an overview of the literature, components of nursing doctoral curricula in Iran and Toronto universities by seeking the relevant online resources with Persian and English keywords "PhD in Nursing", "Nursing Education" and "curriculum". Beredy model was used for comparative comparison.
Results: The PhD curriculum in Nursing at the Universities of Iran and the University of Toronto has focused on the professional values, promoting community health, social justice, innovation and student-centeredness; though, in the Iranian Nursing PhD curriculum, the focus has been on Islamic values and scientific development, and in Toronto, with a transnational perspective, emphasis has been placed on cultural values and the ability of international leadership. In the Iranian curriculum, unlike Toronto, most of the content of the courses is theoretical in nature, and there is no clear relationship between the courses and the health needs of the community and students' needs and abilities. Contrary to the strict policy of publishing an article from a doctoral dissertation in Iran, this is not the case in University of Toronto.
Conclusion: Findings revealed that the doctoral curriculum in nursing in Iran has not addressed the health needs of society effectively, and lack of transnational perspective has reduced the ability of graduates to lead and participate in global health and international research. These conditions make the necessity of reviewing educational programs and contents as well as amending the relevant laws inevitable.
Keywords: Comparative study, Beredy model, university of Toronto, Curriculum, Nursing PhD, Iran.
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Type of Study: Review article | Subject: Comperative Studies
Received: 2020/05/19 | Accepted: 2020/08/23 | Published: 2020/10/5

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