:: Volume 16 - ::
Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2016, 16 - : 251-262 Back to browse issues page
The Effectiveness of E-Learning in Bacteriology Course Based on Constructivism vs. Cognitivism
Mojgan Mohammadimehr, Kiumars Taghipour
AJA University of Medical Sciences , taghipour.khodafarin@gmail.com
Abstract:   (4404 Views)

Introduction: Increasing development of technology and information has created changes in the field of teaching and learning. For effective learning, e-learning design should be based on educational principles. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of e-learning content based on two educational approaches (constructivism and cognitivism) on the level of learning and learners’ attitudes in the bacteriology course.

Methods: This two-group experimental research was conducted in AJA University of Medical Sciences in 2015-2016 academic year. Medical students taking the bacteriology course were randomly divided into two groups (n=40). Multimedia e-contents were designed using Storyline 0.2 software on the basis of constructivism and cognitivism and the levels of learning and learners’ attitudes were compared in both groups. A valid and reliable questionnaire was employed for data collection. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (ANCOVA and MANOVA).

Results: The post-test mean scores were calculated at 12.45±2.70 out of 20 for the cognitivism group and 15.65±1.84 out of 20 for the constructivism group. Comparison of the learning mean scores of the two groups showed a significant difference (p=0.01). Also, the learners in the constructivism-based e-learning group with a general satisfaction mean score at 15.95±1.53 had better attitudes than those in the cognitivism-based e-learning group with the mean score at 11.55±2.66 (p=0.001).

Conclusion: According to the findings, the application of constructivism approach in education and following its core principles can promote students’ e-learning of medical programs and improve their attitude toward the program. Thus, it is recommended that medical instructors should use constructivism approach in providing e-contents to improve the quality of education.

Keywords: E-learning, instructional design, cognitivism, constructivism.
Full-Text [PDF 222 kb]   (1315 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original research article | Subject: E-learning
Received: 2016/03/21 | Accepted: 2016/08/28 | Published: 2016/10/22

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