:: Volume 14, Issue 7 (10-2014) ::
Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2014, 14(7): 626-632 Back to browse issues page
The Relation between Self-confidence and Risk-taking among Female Students Living in Dormitories of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Reza Moradi, Mahan Mohammadi, Najmeh Bahman Ziari, Najmeh Teymourian
() M.Sc. in Health Services Management, Student Research Committee, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran. najmeh_bahmanziari@yahoo.com , najmeh_bahmanziari@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (34274 Views)
Introduction: One of the main outcomes of self-esteem is self-confidence. Risk-taking is also a human characteristic influenced by self-confidence such that it is more likely for people with high self-confidence to make risky decisions with negative unpleasant consequences. Hence the present study aimed to investigate the relationship between self-confidence and risk-taking among female students living in dormitories of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Methods: In this descriptive-correlational study, 180 third year female students living in dormitories of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences were selected through Cochran formula and stratified sampling. Data collection tools were researcher-made questionnaires of self-confidence and risk-taking whose validity and reliability were verified. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics tests (independent t test, ANOVA and Pearson Correlation coefficient test). Results: The level of self-confidence and risk-taking was moderate for the majority of respondents and there was a significant negative correlation between them (p = 0. 023 and r = - 0. 169). Scores of self-confidence and risk-taking did not differ significantly among married and single people and for different educational levels (p = 0. 714) but the mean scores of self-confidence (F=3. 138andP=0. 027) and risk-taking (F=3. 388 and P=0. 019) were significantly different among economic classes. Pearson correlation test also showed a significant negative correlation between self-confidence and risk-taking (P=0. 023 and r=-0. 169). Conclusion: According to inverse relationship between self-confidence and risk-taking in female students especially as to high-risk behaviors, it is suggested to take actions in order to increase their self-confidence such as social skill training, identifying potential talents and providing the conditions for their realization, proper use of their thoughts in decision making and improving their intellectual needs.
Keywords: Self-confidence, self-esteem, risk-taking, female students, University of Medical Science
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Type of Study: Original research article | Subject: other
Received: 2014/06/10 | Accepted: 2014/09/24 | Published: 2014/10/15


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Volume 14, Issue 7 (10-2014) Back to browse issues page