:: Volume 17 - ::
Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2017, 17 - : 11-23 Back to browse issues page
The Comparative Causal Model of Academic Burnout in Students of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences and Payame Noor University
Mohammad Hassan Seif
, hassanseif@gmail.com
Abstract:   (4438 Views)

Introduction: Researchers have realized that academic burnout has seriously negative impact on learning and promotion of learning efficiency which hinders universities from achieving their educational missions and goals. This study examined the factors affecting academic burnout among students of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences and Payam Noor University through a comparative casual model.

Methods: This descriptive correlational study was carried out on a sample of 174 students of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences and 260 students of Shiraz Payame Noor University; subjects were selected based on Cochran Formula through simple random sampling. Data collection tool was a battery of questionnaires consisting of Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey, Elliot and McGregor achievement goal scale, Midgley self-efficacy scale and Schaufeli and Bakker academic engagement scale. The data were analyzed in Lisrel software using path analysis.

Results: Findings showed significant differences between the two universities in terms of the impact of academic goal orientation (t=2.76, p=0.01), academic self-efficacy (t=2.18, p=0.05) and academic engagement (t=2.60, p=0.01) on academic burnout. It was also found that academic goal orientation had significant indirect effects on academic burnout through academic self-efficacy and academic engagement. In the two samples, Findings indicated that the proposed conceptual model had a good fit

Conclusion: Given the increasing trend of academic burnout in academic settings and the decisive role of academic goal orientation, academic self-efficacy and academic engagement, universities should provide an appropriate environment to enhance self-efficacy and change mastery goal orientation in students’ learning and therefore, pave the way for promoting learning and reducing academic burnout.

Keywords: Academic burnout, achievement goals, academic self-efficacy, academic engagement, comparative causal model
Full-Text [PDF 391 kb]   (1276 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original research article | Subject: Community Based Medicine
Received: 2016/06/28 | Accepted: 2016/12/12 | Published: 2017/04/16

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