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Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2019, 19 - : 180-188 Back to browse issues page
A Survey on Distractors in Multiple-choice Questions and its Relationship on Difficulty and Discriminative Indices
Abdolhussein Shakurnia
Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences , shakurnia@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (135 Views)
Introduction: The distractors have a very important role in Multiple-Choice Question (MCQ) and it can influence the quality of the tests. This study aimed to investigate frequency of functioning and non-functioning distractors and the relationship between the distractors options with difficulty and discrimination in Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical sciences in 2017.
Methods: In this descriptive-analytic study, the distractors of the MCQs in the immunology were examined. The distractors were those that selected by more than 5% of the examinees', they were considered as Functioning Distractors (FDs) and by less than 5% of the examinees' were considered as non-functioning distractors (NFDs). Data were analyzed using Analysis of Variances and Pearson correlation coefficient; for all tests error was considered as 5%.
Results: Out of 2124 distractors, 1361 (64.08%) were FDs and 763 (35.92%) were NFDs. The frequency of MCQs with 0, 1, 2 and 3 FDs was 12.4%, 19.5%, 31.5% and 36.6%, respectively. There was a significant negative correlation between the number of FDs and the difficulty index (r=0.442, p=0.000), but there was not a significant correlation between the number of FDs and the discriminative index of MCQs (r=0.043, p=0.259).
Conclusion: The findings showed that more than one-thirds of the distractors were NFDs. As a result of increasing the number of NFDs, the difficulty and the discriminative indices of questions decreased and led to a drop in the quality of the test. Item analysis results could be used to identify and remove non-functioning distractors from MCQs that have been used to improve the quality exam.
 
Keywords: Student Assessment, multiple-choice questions, distractors, functioning distractors, non-functioning distractors, difficulty index, discriminative index
Full-Text [PDF 295 kb]   (80 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original research article | Subject: Educational Management
Received: 2018/09/2 | Accepted: 2019/05/14
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Shakurnia A. A Survey on Distractors in Multiple-choice Questions and its Relationship on Difficulty and Discriminative Indices . Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2019; 19 :180-188
URL: http://ijme.mui.ac.ir/article-1-4776-en.html


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مجله ایرانی آموزش در علوم پزشکی Iranian Journal of Medical Education
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