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:: Volume 9, Issue 2 (10-2009) ::
Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2009, 9(2): 125-135 Back to browse issues page
Critical Thinking Skills and Critical Thinking Dispositions in Freshmen and Senior Students of Health Care Management
Mitra Gharib , Mostafa Rabieian, Mahvash Salsali, Ebrahim Hadjizadeh, Ahmad Sabouri Kashani, Hamidreza Khalkhali
, gharibmi@sina.tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (19085 Views)
Introduction: Nowadays, experts introduce critical thinking as the main outcome of higher education and consider teaching "how to think" as the basis for learning. This study compares the critical thinking skills and critical thinking dispositions in freshmen and senior students of health care management. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on a sample of 60 freshmen and senior students of health care management. The data gathering tools included California critical thinking skills test, as well as California critical thinking dispositions inventory. Data was analyzed by SPSS software using descriptive statistics, T-test, and Chi². Results: The mean and standard deviation of critical thinking skills total score in freshmen and senior students was respectively 11.55±2.18 and 11.21±2.59, which was in the normal limit for both. There was no significant difference between the freshmen and senior students' score patterns. Considering critical thinking disposition total score, the mean and standard deviation in freshmen, was 282.37±27.93 and in senior students was 289.64±21.13. There was a significant difference between the score pattern of critical thinking disposition in freshmen and senior students. The scores of senior students were higher than freshmen scores. Conclusion: The total score of critical thinking skills achieved by students was in a normal limit. Also, the total score of critical thinking dispositions revealed the students' positive tendency. But, with regard to the reported scores from other similar schools of the world, administrators and teachers should pay more attention to their educational planning in developing cultivating critical thinking skills.
Keywords: Critical thinking, Disposition, Skill, Student, Health care services.
Full-Text [PDF 307 kb]   (6197 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original research article |
Received: 2009/09/2 | Accepted: 2011/08/7
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Gharib M, Rabieian M, Salsali M, Hadjizadeh E, Sabouri Kashani A, Khalkhali H. Critical Thinking Skills and Critical Thinking Dispositions in Freshmen and Senior Students of Health Care Management. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2009; 9 (2) :125-135
URL: http://ijme.mui.ac.ir/article-1-977-en.html


Volume 9, Issue 2 (10-2009) Back to browse issues page
مجله ایرانی آموزش در علوم پزشکی Iranian Journal of Medical Education
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