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Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2018, 18 - : 363-371 Back to browse issues page
Learning Approaches of Undergraduate Nursing and Midwifery Students: A Longitudinal Study
Mohammadreza Yazdankhah fard , Sahar Gholami baroughi , Masoud Bahreini, Kamran Mirzaei
Bushehr University of Medical Sciences , sahargholami_b67@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1481 Views)

Introduction: Development of advanced learning along with students’ progress is one of the main goals of higher education and learning approaches act as a key concept. Therefore, it is very important to understand how students’ learning approaches change over time. The aim of this study was to investigate the learning approaches of undergraduate nursing and midwifery students during their studies at Bushehr University of Medical Sciences.
Methods: This descriptive-longitudinal study was conducted from 2012-16. A total of 76 undergraduate nursing and midwifery students who entered Bushehr University of Medical Sciences were selected by means of census method. Learning approaches of the students were measured using the Persian version of Revised Two-Factor Study Process Questionnaire whose validity and reliability were confirmed. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test and ANOVA.
Results: Findings showed that the majority of students used the deep learning approach (29.81±7.234, total=???) throughout their studying years. However, ANOVA test did not show a statistically significant difference between surface and deep learning approaches scores of nursing (p=0.109, p=0.481) and midwifery (p=0.232, p=0.328) students in terms of the years of study. Although, independent t-test showed a statistically significant difference in employing the surface learning approach in terms of the field of study (p=0.02) and gender (p=0.001).
Conclusion: Although deep learning was the dominant approach, there was no change in the students’ learning approaches in higher years of education. Therefore, given the focus of higher education on developing the deep learning approach in students and the importance of medical science fields for society, it is necessary for teachers, managers and educational planners to assess the deep learning approach.

Keywords: Higher education, nursing, midwifery, learning approaches, surface approach, deep approach
Full-Text [PDF 227 kb]   (240 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original research article | Subject: Community Based Medicine
Received: 2017/06/24 | Accepted: 2018/05/12
پرسشنامه مطالعه [PDF 212 KB]  (238 Download)
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Yazdankhah fard M, Gholami baroughi S, Bahreini M, Mirzaei K. Learning Approaches of Undergraduate Nursing and Midwifery Students: A Longitudinal Study. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2018; 18 :363-371
URL: http://ijme.mui.ac.ir/article-1-4451-en.html

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مجله ایرانی آموزش در علوم پزشکی Iranian Journal of Medical Education
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