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Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2017, 17 - : 335-342 Back to browse issues page
Effects of Teacher-Centered Teaching and Peer Teaching Methods on Improving Some Clinical Skills of Midwifery Students: A Comparative Study
Razieh Hatami Rad , Nikoo Yamani, Soheila Ehsanpour
Isfahan University of Medical Sciences , ehsanpour@nm.mui.ac.ir
Abstract:   (6460 Views)

Introduction: One of the new methods of teaching is peer teaching. Although it has been applied to various contexts, its efficacy has gained little attention in midwifery education especially in clinical skills. Therefore, this study examined the effect of peer teaching on learning some clinical skills among midwifery students.
Methods: This two-group experimental study was performed on 52 third-semester midwifery students in Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz Branch who were selected randomly and assigned to two groups of teacher-based and peer teaching. The clinical skills under study were vaginal examination, Leopold’s maneuvers and surgical suturing. Data collection tool was a skill checklist which was completed based on interviews and observations before and after training. It was designed following Taylor's Clinical Nursing Skills and other reliable midwifery books and checked for validity and reliability. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test and Mann-Whitney U test.
Results: No significant difference was found between two groups regarding the mean scores of vaginal examination (p=0.12), Leopold’s maneuvers (p=0.36) and surgical suturing (p=0.81) skills before the training. The two groups showed no significant difference in the mean scores of vaginal examination (p=0.73), Leopold’s maneuvers (p=0.49) and surgical suturing (p=0.94) skills after the training.
Conclusion: The results showed that the practical skills score of peer teaching group was similar to that of teacher-centered group indicating that peer education can be as effective as the other method. Therefore, it is suggested to use senior students as peers in clinical skills centers for teaching clinical skills to midwifery students.
 

Keywords: Teacher-centered teaching, peer teaching, clinical skills, midwifery students
Full-Text [PDF 236 kb]   (484 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original research article | Subject: Teaching Methods
Received: 2016/09/8 | Accepted: 2017/04/22 | Published: 2017/11/20
پرسشنامه مطالعه [PDF 57 KB]  (157 Download)
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Hatami Rad R, Yamani N, Ehsanpour S. Effects of Teacher-Centered Teaching and Peer Teaching Methods on Improving Some Clinical Skills of Midwifery Students: A Comparative Study. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2017; 17 :335-342
URL: http://ijme.mui.ac.ir/article-1-4233-en.html


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مجله ایرانی آموزش در علوم پزشکی Iranian Journal of Medical Education
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