:: Volume 14, Issue 2 (5-2014) ::
Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2014, 14(2): 148-164 Back to browse issues page
Interprofessional Education a Response to Health System Challenges
Zohreh Vafadar, Zohreh Vanaki , Abbas Ebadi
, vanaki_z@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (6555 Views)
Introduction: Extensive changes in the health field have compelled many organizations of health sciences education to seek for the most effective educational approaches. Meanwhile, interprofessional education as a novel and efficient approach has recieved attention internationally. We conducted this study for introducing interprofessional education with a focus on its backgrounds and formation in health sciences. Methods: This integrative review study was performed during years 2012-2013 using an integrated search in PubMed, CINHAL, Ovid, and Science Direct databases. Moreover, google search engine was also used for searching in various information sources such as validated journals and conference proceedings and reports of educational organizations and assemblies, using main key words such as interprofessional education and interprofessional learning, limiting the results from 1995 to 2013 and mainly in English. We obtained more than 2000 titles including original articles, reports, web pages, letters to editor, and books. Having titles and abstracts assessed, 120 documents that were more appropriate and directly related to the study question were selected and analyzed through qualitative content analysis. Then the text contents were retrieved and final results were categorized and managed by MAXQDA software. Results: Two themes were obtained indicating the formation of interprofessional education in the health system. The challenges theme containing 4 categories: dynamic changes in all aspects of human society, poor quality of care services, staffing crisis, and failures of uniproffessional education. The second theme named constructive strategies containing 4 categories: improvement of interprofessional interactions, promotion of interprofessional collaborations, patient centered team care, and changing in professional socialization process of health sciences students. Conclusion: Interprofessional education with focus on interprofessional interactions and promotion in professional socialization process of health sciences students provides necessary competency and ability for developing interprofessional collaborations and comprehensive patient-centered team care among graduates for addressing challenges in health systems.
Keywords: Interprofessional education, Interprofessional interaction, Interprofessional collaboration, health system, health system challenges.
Full-Text [PDF 524 kb]   (1662 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review article | Subject: Teaching Methods
Received: 2013/11/12 | Accepted: 2014/04/7 | Published: 2014/05/4

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Volume 14, Issue 2 (5-2014) Back to browse issues page